Exploring the directly imaged HD 1160 system through spectroscopic characterisation and high-cadence variability monitoring

Kavli Affiliate: David Charbonneau | First 5 Authors: Ben J. Sutlieff, Jayne L. Birkby, Jordan M. Stone, Annelotte Derkink, Frank Backs | Summary: The time variability and spectra of directly imaged companions provide insight into their physical properties and atmospheric dynamics. We present follow-up R~40 spectrophotometric monitoring of red companion HD 1160 B at 2.8-4.2 […]


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Single-shot volumetric fluorescence imaging with neural fields

Kavli Affiliate: Changhuei Yang | First 5 Authors: Oumeng Zhang, Haowen Zhou, Brandon Y. Feng, Elin M. Larsson, Reinaldo E. Alcalde | Summary: Single-shot volumetric fluorescence (SVF) imaging offers a significant advantage over traditional imaging methods that require scanning across multiple axial planes as it can capture biological processes with high temporal resolution across a […]


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Synchronization of E. coli bacteria moving in coupled wells

Kavli Affiliate: Cees Dekker | First 5 Authors: Aleksandre Japaridze, Victor Struijk, Kushal Swamy, Irek Roslon, Oriel Shoshani | Summary: Synchronization plays a crucial role in the dynamics of living organisms, from fireflies flashing in unison to pacemaker cells that jointly generate heartbeats. Uncovering the mechanism behind these phenomena requires an understanding of individual biological […]


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Feature-based Federated Transfer Learning: Communication Efficiency, Robustness and Privacy

Kavli Affiliate: Feng Wang | First 5 Authors: Feng Wang, M. Cenk Gursoy, Senem Velipasalar, , | Summary: In this paper, we propose feature-based federated transfer learning as a novel approach to improve communication efficiency by reducing the uplink payload by multiple orders of magnitude compared to that of existing approaches in federated learning and […]


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Performance of wave function and Green’s functions based methods for non equilibrium many-body dynamics

Kavli Affiliate: K. Birgitta Whaley | First 5 Authors: Cian C. Reeves, Gaurav Harsha, Avijit Shee, Yuanran Zhu, Chao Yang | Summary: Theoretical descriptions of non equilibrium dynamics of quantum many-body systems essentially employ either (i) explicit treatments, relying on truncation of the expansion of the many-body wave function, (ii) compressed representations of the many-body […]


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Expensive Multi-Objective Bayesian Optimization Based on Diffusion Models

Kavli Affiliate: Feng Wang | First 5 Authors: Bingdong Li, Zixiang Di, Yongfan Lu, Hong Qian, Feng Wang | Summary: Multi-objective Bayesian optimization (MOBO) has shown promising performance on various expensive multi-objective optimization problems (EMOPs). However, effectively modeling complex distributions of the Pareto optimal solutions is difficult with limited function evaluations. Existing Pareto set learning […]


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ViSTooth: A Visualization Framework for Tooth Segmentation on Panoramic Radiograph

Kavli Affiliate: Ting Xu | First 5 Authors: Shenji Zhu, Miaoxin Hu, Tianya Pan, Yue Hong, Bin Li | Summary: Tooth segmentation is a key step for computer aided diagnosis of dental diseases. Numerous machine learning models have been employed for tooth segmentation on dental panoramic radiograph. However, it is a difficult task to achieve […]


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Seal-Tools: Self-Instruct Tool Learning Dataset for Agent Tuning and Detailed Benchmark

Kavli Affiliate: Xiang Zhang | First 5 Authors: Mengsong Wu, Tong Zhu, Han Han, Chuanyuan Tan, Xiang Zhang | Summary: This paper presents a new tool learning dataset Seal-Tools, which contains self-instruct API-like tools. Seal-Tools not only offers a large number of tools, but also includes instances which demonstrate the practical application of tools. Seeking […]


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There Are Two Distinct Photon Gases Present Inside Every Solar Cell

Kavli Affiliate: Eli Yablonovitch | First 5 Authors: Eli Yablonovitch, Zunaid Omair, , , | Summary: It has gradually been recognized that incoming sunlight can be trapped within a high refractive index semiconductor, n~3.5, owing to the narrow 16degree escape cone. The solar light inside a semiconductor is 4n^2 times brighter than incident sunlight. This […]


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From traces to measures: Large language models as a tool for psychological measurement from text

Kavli Affiliate: Wei Gao | First 5 Authors: Joseph J. P. Simons, Wong Liang Ze, Prasanta Bhattacharya, Brandon Siyuan Loh, Wei Gao | Summary: Digital trace data provide potentially valuable resources for understanding human behaviour, but their value has been limited by issues of unclear measurement. The growth of large language models provides an opportunity […]


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