Robust-Wide: Robust Watermarking against Instruction-driven Image Editing

Kavli Affiliate: Ting Xu | First 5 Authors: Runyi Hu, Jie Zhang, Ting Xu, Tianwei Zhang, Jiwei Li | Summary: Instruction-driven image editing allows users to quickly edit an image according to text instructions in a forward pass. Nevertheless, malicious users can easily exploit this technique to create fake images, which could cause a crisis […]


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Low-Dose CT Reconstruction Using Dataset-free Learning

Kavli Affiliate: Feng Wang | First 5 Authors: Feng Wang, Renfang Wang, Bo Yang, Hong Qiu, | Summary: Low-Dose computer tomography (LDCT) is an ideal alternative to reduce radiation risk in clinical applications. Although supervised-deep-learning-based reconstruction methods have demonstrated superior performance compared to conventional model-driven reconstruction algorithms, they require collecting massive pairs of low-dose and […]


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Universal Prompt Optimizer for Safe Text-to-Image Generation

Kavli Affiliate: Xiang Zhang | First 5 Authors: Zongyu Wu, Hongcheng Gao, Yueze Wang, Xiang Zhang, Suhang Wang | Summary: Text-to-Image (T2I) models have shown great performance in generating images based on textual prompts. However, these models are vulnerable to unsafe input to generate unsafe content like sexual, harassment and illegal-activity images. Existing studies based […]


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Disambiguated Node Classification with Graph Neural Networks

Kavli Affiliate: Xiang Zhang | First 5 Authors: Tianxiang Zhao, Xiang Zhang, Suhang Wang, , | Summary: Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) have demonstrated significant success in learning from graph-structured data across various domains. Despite their great successful, one critical challenge is often overlooked by existing works, i.e., the learning of message propagation that can generalize […]


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Quantum Melting of a Disordered Wigner Solid

Kavli Affiliate: Feng Wang | First 5 Authors: Ziyu Xiang, Hongyuan Li, Jianghan Xiao, Mit H. Naik, Zhehao Ge | Summary: The behavior of two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) in extreme coupling limits are reasonably well-understood, but our understanding of intermediate region remains limited. Strongly interacting electrons crystalize into a solid phase known as the Wigner […]


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Splitting probabilities are optimal controllers of rare reactive events

Kavli Affiliate: David T. Limmer | First 5 Authors: Aditya N. Singh, David T. Limmer, , , | Summary: The committor constitutes the primary quantity of interest within chemical kinetics as it is understood to encode the ideal reaction coordinate for a rare reactive event. We show the generative utility of the committor, in that […]


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Splitting probabilities as optimal controllers of rare reactive events

Kavli Affiliate: David T. Limmer | First 5 Authors: Aditya N. Singh, David T. Limmer, , , | Summary: The committor constitutes the primary quantity of interest within chemical kinetics as it is understood to encode the ideal reaction coordinate for a rare reactive event. We show the generative utility of the committor, in that […]


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WiOpen: A Robust Wi-Fi-based Open-set Gesture Recognition Framework

Kavli Affiliate: Xiang Zhang | First 5 Authors: Xiang Zhang, Jingyang Huang, Huan Yan, Peng Zhao, Guohang Zhuang | Summary: Recent years have witnessed a growing interest in Wi-Fi-based gesture recognition. However, existing works have predominantly focused on closed-set paradigms, where all testing gestures are predefined during training. This poses a significant challenge in real-world […]


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Developments and applications of the OPTIMADE API for materials discovery, design, and data exchange

Kavli Affiliate: Kristin A. Persson | First 5 Authors: Matthew L. Evans, Johan Bergsma, Andrius Merkys, Casper W. Andersen, Oskar B. Andersson | Summary: The Open Databases Integration for Materials Design (OPTIMADE) application programming interface (API) empowers users with holistic access to a growing federation of databases, enhancing the accessibility and discoverability of materials and […]


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