Hypothalamic CRH Neurons Modulate Sevoflurane Anesthesia and The Post-anesthesia Stress Responses

Kavli Affiliate: Wei Min | Authors: Shan Jiang, Lu Chen, Wei-Min Qu, Zhi-Li Huang and Chang-Rui Chen | Summary: General anesthesia is a fundamental process required to undertake safely and humanely a high fraction of surgeries and invasive diagnostic procedures. However, the undesired stress response associated with general anesthesia (GA) causes delayed recovery and even […]


Continue.. Hypothalamic CRH Neurons Modulate Sevoflurane Anesthesia and The Post-anesthesia Stress Responses

Characterization of β-Hydroxybutyrate as a Cell Autonomous Fuel for Active Excitatory and Inhibitory Neurons

Kavli Affiliate: Timothy A. Ryan; | Authors: Kirsten Bredvik, Charmaine Liu and Timothy A. Ryan | Summary: The ketogenic diet is an effective treatment for drug-resistant epilepsy, but the therapeutic mechanisms are poorly understood. Although ketones are able to fuel the brain, it is not known whether ketones are directly metabolized by neurons on a […]


Continue.. Characterization of β-Hydroxybutyrate as a Cell Autonomous Fuel for Active Excitatory and Inhibitory Neurons

Lysosome damage triggers acute formation of ER to lysosomes membrane tethers mediated by the bridge-like lipid transport protein VPS13C

Kavli Affiliate: Pietro De Camilli; | Authors: Xinbo Wang, Peng Xu, Amanda Bentley-DeSousa, William Hancock-Cerutti, Shujun Cai, Benjamin T Johnson, Francesca Tonelli, Gabriel Talaia, Dario R Alessi, Shawn M Ferguson and Pietro De Camilli | Summary: Based on genetic studies, lysosome dysfunction is thought to play a pathogenetic role in Parkinson’s disease (PD). Here we […]


Continue.. Lysosome damage triggers acute formation of ER to lysosomes membrane tethers mediated by the bridge-like lipid transport protein VPS13C

The ventral CA2 region of the hippocampus and its differential contributions to social memory and social aggression

Kavli Affiliate: Steven Siegelbaum; | Authors: Lara M. Boyle, Wanhui Sheng, Felix Leroy, Rhea Sahai, Sarah Irfan, Heon-Jin Lee, Andres Villegas, W. Scott Young and Steven A Siegelbaum | Summary: Although it is well-known that the hippocampus mediates declarative memory (the repository of information of people, places, things and events) and influences behavior, the differential […]


Continue.. The ventral CA2 region of the hippocampus and its differential contributions to social memory and social aggression

RESPAN: an accurate, unbiased and automated pipeline for analysis of dendritic morphology and dendritic spine mapping

Kavli Affiliate: Franck Polleux; | Authors: Sergio B. Garcia, Alexa P. Schlotter, Daniela Pereira, Franck Polleux and Luke Hammond | Summary: Accurate and unbiased reconstructions of neuronal morphology, including quantification of dendritic spine morphology and distribution, are widely used in neuroscience but remain a major roadblock for large-scale analysis. Traditionally, spine analysis has required labor-intensive […]


Continue.. RESPAN: an accurate, unbiased and automated pipeline for analysis of dendritic morphology and dendritic spine mapping

Disruption of Core Stress Granule Protein Aggregates Promotes CNS Axon Regeneration

Kavli Affiliate: Mark H. Tuszynski; | Authors: Pabitra K Sahoo, Nick Hanovice, Patricia Ward, Manasi A Agrawal, Terika P Smith, HaoMin SiMa, Jennifer N Dulin, Lauren S Vaughn, Mark Tuszynski, Kristy Welshhans, Larry Benowitz, Arthur English, John D Houle and Jeffery L Twiss | Summary: Depletion or inhibition of core stress granule proteins, G3BP1 in […]


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Mapping Somatosensory Afferent Circuitry to Bone Identifies Neurotrophic Signals Required for Fracture Healing

Kavli Affiliate: Li Zhao; | Authors: Mingxin Xu, Neelima Thottappillil, Masnsen Cherief, Zhao Li, Manyu Zhu, Xin Xing, Mario Gomez-Salazar, Juliet Mukiri Mwirigi, Ishwarya Sankaranarayanan, Diana Tavares-Ferreira, Chi Zhang, Xue-Wei Wang, Mary Archer, Yun Guan, Robert J. Tower, Patrick Cahan, Theodore J. Price, Thomas L. Clemens and Aaron W. James | Summary: The profound pain […]


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Role of microglia in stress-induced alcohol intake in female and male mice

Kavli Affiliate: Marina Picciotto; | Authors: Alexa Soares, Vernon Garcia-Rivas, Caroline Fai, Merrilee Thomas, Xiaoying Zheng, Marina Picciotto and Yann Mineur | Summary: Rates of alcohol use disorder (AUD) have escalated in recent years, with a particular increase among women. Women are more susceptible to stress-induced alcohol drinking, and preclinical data suggest that stress can […]


Continue.. Role of microglia in stress-induced alcohol intake in female and male mice

Scalable electron tomography for connectomics

Kavli Affiliate: Mark Ellisman; | Authors: Aaron T Kuan, Sebastien Phan, Keun-Young Kim, Mason Mackey, Minsu Kim, Steven T Peltier, Mark Ellisman and Wei-Chung Allen Lee | Summary: We demonstrate limited-tilt, serial section electron tomography (ET), which can non-destructively map brain circuits over large 3D volumes and reveal high-resolution, supramolecular details within subvolumes of interest. […]


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Probabilistic graph-based model uncovers previously unseen druggable vulnerabilities in major solid cancers

Kavli Affiliate: Franck Polleux; | Authors: Koki Nakamura, Saeko Aoyama-Ishiwatari, Takahiro Nagao, Mohammadreza Paaran, Christopher J. Obara, Yui Sakurai-Saito, Jake Johnston, Yudan Du, Shogo Suga, Masafumi Tsuboi, Makoto Nakakido, Kouhei Tsumoto, Yusuke Kishi, Yukiko Gotoh, Chulhwan Kwak, Hyun-Woo Rhee, Jeong Kon Seo, Hidetaka Kosako, Clint Potter, Bridget Carragher, Jennifer Lippincott-Schwartz, Franck Polleux and Yusuke Hirabayashi […]


Continue.. Probabilistic graph-based model uncovers previously unseen druggable vulnerabilities in major solid cancers