Protocol for certifying entanglement in surface spin systems using a scanning tunneling microscope

Kavli Affiliate: Sander Otte | First 5 Authors: Rik Broekhoven, Curie Lee, Soo-hyon Phark, Sander Otte, Christoph Wolf | Summary: Certifying quantum entanglement is a critical step towards realizing quantum-coherent applications of surface spin systems. In this work, we show that entanglement can be unambiguously shown in a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) with electron spin […]


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Towards Explainable Harmful Meme Detection through Multimodal Debate between Large Language Models

Kavli Affiliate: Wei Gao | First 5 Authors: Hongzhan Lin, Ziyang Luo, Wei Gao, Jing Ma, Bo Wang | Summary: The age of social media is flooded with Internet memes, necessitating a clear grasp and effective identification of harmful ones. This task presents a significant challenge due to the implicit meaning embedded in memes, which […]


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On the Statistical Mechanics of Mass Accommodation at Liquid-Vapor Interfaces

Kavli Affiliate: David T. Limmer | First 5 Authors: Kritanjan Polley, Kevin R. Wilson, David T. Limmer, , | Summary: We propose a framework for describing the dynamics associated with the adsorption of small molecules to liquid-vapor interfaces, using an intermediate resolution between traditional continuum theories that are bereft of molecular detail and molecular dynamics […]


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Research on the knee region of cosmic ray by using a novel type of electron-neutron detector array

Kavli Affiliate: Wei Gao | First 5 Authors: Bing-Bing Li, Xin-Hua Ma, Shu-Wang Cui, Hao-Kun Chen, Tian-Lu Chen | Summary: By accurately measuring composition and energy spectrum of cosmic ray, the origin problem of so called "keen" region (energy > 1 PeV) can be solved. However, up to the present, the results of the spectrum […]


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Hybrid Quantum Repeaters with Ensemble-based Quantum Memories and Single-spin Photon Transducers

Kavli Affiliate: Wolfgang Tittel | First 5 Authors: Fenglei Gu, Shankar G Menon, David Maier, Antariksha Das, Tanmoy Chakraborty | Summary: Reliable quantum communication over hundreds of kilometers is a daunting yet necessary requirement for a quantum internet. To overcome photon loss, the deployment of quantum repeater stations between distant network nodes is necessary. A […]


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Thresholds for the distributed surface code in the presence of memory decoherence

Kavli Affiliate: Tim H. Taminiau | First 5 Authors: Sébastian de Bone, Paul Möller, Conor E. Bradley, Tim H. Taminiau, David Elkouss | Summary: In the search for scalable, fault-tolerant quantum computing, distributed quantum computers are promising candidates. These systems can be realized in large-scale quantum networks or condensed onto a single chip with closely […]


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Observation of periodic optical spectra and soliton molecules in a novel passively mode-locked fiber laser

Kavli Affiliate: Xiang Zhang | First 5 Authors: Xiang Zhang, Haobin Zheng, Kangrui Chang, Yong Shen, Yongzhuang Zhou | Summary: Due to the necessity of making a series of fine adjustments after mode-locking in most experiments for preparing soliton molecules, the repeatability of the preparations remains a challenge. Here, we propose a novel all-polarization-maintaining erbium-doped […]


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Predicting Viral Rumors and Vulnerable Users for Infodemic Surveillance

Kavli Affiliate: Wei Gao | First 5 Authors: Xuan Zhang, Wei Gao, , , | Summary: In the age of the infodemic, it is crucial to have tools for effectively monitoring the spread of rampant rumors that can quickly go viral, as well as identifying vulnerable users who may be more susceptible to spreading such […]


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Uncertainty-aware No-Reference Point Cloud Quality Assessment

Kavli Affiliate: Wei Gao | First 5 Authors: Songlin Fan, Zixuan Guo, Wei Gao, Ge Li, | Summary: The evolution of compression and enhancement algorithms necessitates an accurate quality assessment for point clouds. Previous works consistently regard point cloud quality assessment (PCQA) as a MOS regression problem and devise a deterministic mapping, ignoring the stochasticity […]


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PPSURF: Combining Patches and Point Convolutions for Detailed Surface Reconstruction

Kavli Affiliate: Michael Wimmer | First 5 Authors: Philipp Erler, Lizeth Fuentes, Pedro Hermosilla, Paul Guerrero, Renato Pajarola Michael Wimmer | Summary: 3D surface reconstruction from point clouds is a key step in areas such as content creation, archaeology, digital cultural heritage, and engineering. Current approaches either try to optimize a non-data-driven surface representation to […]


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