Visualizing the Energy-gap Modulations of the Cuprate Pair Density Wave State

Kavli Affiliate: J. C. Davis | First 5 Authors: Zengyi Du, Hui Li, Sanghyun Joo, Elizabeth P. Donoway, Jinho Lee | Summary: When Cooper pairs are formed with finite center-of-mass momentum, the defining characteristic is a spatially modulating superconducting energy gap $Delta(r)$. Recently, this concept has been generalized to the pair density wave (PDW) state […]


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Diving Beneath the Sea of Stellar Activity: Chromatic Radial Velocities of the Young AU Mic Planetary System

Kavli Affiliate: Christopher Burke | First 5 Authors: Bryson Cale, Michael Reefe, Peter Plavchan, Angelle Tanner, Eric Gaidos | Summary: We present updated radial-velocity (RV) analyses of the AU Mic system. AU Mic is a young (22 Myr) early M dwarf known to host two transiting planets – $P_{b}sim8.46$ days, $R_{b}=4.38_{-0.18}^{+0.18} R_{oplus}$, $P_{c}sim18.86$ days, $R_{c}=3.51_{-0.16}^{+0.16} […]


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Probing Early Super-massive Black Hole Growth and Quasar Evolution with Near-infrared Spectroscopy of 37 Reionization-era Quasars at 6.3 < z <= 7.64

Kavli Affiliate: Linhua Jiang | First 5 Authors: Jinyi Yang, Feige Wang, Xiaohui Fan, Aaron J. Barth, Joseph F. Hennawi | Summary: We report the results of near-infrared spectroscopic observations of 37 quasars in the redshift range $6.3< zle7.64$, including 32 quasars at $z>6.5$, forming the largest quasar near-infrared spectral sample at this redshift. The […]


Continue.. Probing Early Super-massive Black Hole Growth and Quasar Evolution with Near-infrared Spectroscopy of 37 Reionization-era Quasars at 6.3 < z <= 7.64

Physics-Augmented Learning: A New Paradigm Beyond Physics-Informed Learning

Kavli Affiliate: Max Tegmark | First 5 Authors: Ziming Liu, Yunyue Chen, Yuanqi Du, Max Tegmark, | Summary: Integrating physical inductive biases into machine learning can improve model generalizability. We generalize the successful paradigm of physics-informed learning (PIL) into a more general framework that also includes what we term physics-augmented learning (PAL). PIL and PAL […]


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Sagnac interferometry for high-sensitivity optical measurements of spin-orbit torque

Kavli Affiliate: Daniel C. Ralph | First 5 Authors: Saba Karimeddiny, Thow Min Cham, Daniel C. Ralph, Yunqiu Kelly Luo, | Summary: We adapt Sagnac interferometry for magneto-optic Kerr effect measurements of spin-orbit-torque-induced magnetic tilting in thin-film magnetic samples. The high sensitivity of Sagnac interferometry permits for the first time optical quantification of spin-orbit torque […]


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Conformal frequency conversion for arbitrary vectorial structured light

Kavli Affiliate: Wei Gao | First 5 Authors: Hai-Jun Wu, Bing-Shi Yu, Zhi-Han Zhu, Wei Gao, Dong-Sheng Ding | Summary: Vectorial structured light with spatially varying amplitude, phase, and polarization is reshaping many areas of modern optics, including nonlinear optics, as diverse parametric processes can be used to explore interactions between such complex vector fields, […]


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Probing Particle Acceleration through Gamma-ray Solar Flare Observations

Kavli Affiliate: Nicola Omodei | First 5 Authors: Melissa Pesce-Rollins, Nicola Omodei, Vahe’ Petrosian, Francesco Longo, | Summary: High-energy solar flares have shown to have at least two distinct phases: prompt-impulsive and delayed-gradual. Identifying the mechanism responsible for accelerating the electrons and ions and the site at which it occurs during these two phases is […]


Continue.. Probing Particle Acceleration through Gamma-ray Solar Flare Observations

Probing Particle Acceleration through Gamma-ray Solar Flare Observations

Kavli Affiliate: Nicola Omodei | First 5 Authors: Melissa Pesce-Rollins, Nicola Omodei, Vahe’ Petrosian, Francesco Longo, | Summary: High-energy solar flares have shown to have at least two distinct phases: prompt-impulsive and delayed-gradual. Identifying the mechanism responsible for accelerating the electrons and ions and the site at which it occurs during these two phases is […]


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In-situ non-equilibrium nanomechanics in a proton-conducting ceramic at low temperatures

Kavli Affiliate: Jin Suntivich | First 5 Authors: Oleg Yu. Gorobtsov, Yumeng Song, Kevin Fritz, Daniel Weinstock, Yifei Sun | Summary: Nanostructured proton-conducting ceramics (PCCs) have attracted considerable interest as moderate-temperature proton conductors. Structure dynamics during proton conduction, particularly at grain boundaries, are crucial for stability and proton transport in nanostructured PCCs. A common assumption […]


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Mass Transfer and Stellar Evolution of the White Dwarfs in AM CVn Binaries

Kavli Affiliate: Lars Bildsten | First 5 Authors: Tin Long Sunny Wong, Lars Bildsten, , , | Summary: We calculate the stellar evolution of both white dwarfs (WDs) in AM CVn binaries with orbital periods of $P_{mathrm{orb}} approx 5-70$ minutes. We focus on the cases where the donor starts as a $M_{mathrm{He}} < 0.2 , […]


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