Target of Opportunity Observations of Gravitational Wave Events with Vera C. Rubin Observatory

Kavli Affiliate: Daniel E. Holz | First 5 Authors: Igor Andreoni, Raffaella Margutti, Om Sharan Salafia, B. Parazin, V. Ashley Villar | Summary: The discovery of the electromagnetic counterpart to the binary neutron star merger GW170817 has opened the era of gravitational-wave multi-messenger astronomy. Rapid identification of the optical/infrared kilonova enabled a precise localization of […]


Continue.. Target of Opportunity Observations of Gravitational Wave Events with Vera C. Rubin Observatory

The Variability of the Black-Hole Image in M87 at the Dynamical Time Scale

Kavli Affiliate: John E. Carlstrom | First 5 Authors: Kaushik Satapathy, Dimitrios Psaltis, Feryal Ozel, Lia Medeiros, Sean T. Dougall | Summary: The black-hole images obtained with the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) are expected to be variable at the dynamical timescale near their horizons. For the black hole at the center of the M87 galaxy, […]


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Metallicity Distribution Function of the Eridanus~II Ultra-Faint Dwarf Galaxy from Hubble Space Telescope Narrow-band Imaging

Kavli Affiliate: Alexander P. Ji | First 5 Authors: Sal Wanying Fu, Daniel R. Weisz, Else Starkenburg, Nicolas Martin, Alexander P. Ji | Summary: We use deep narrowband Ca H&K ($F395N$) imaging taken with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) to construct the metallicity distribution function (MDF) of Local Group (LG) ultra-faint dwarf (UFD) galaxy Eridanus […]


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Optical leakage mitigation in ortho-mode transducer detectors for microwave applications

Kavli Affiliate: Clarence L. Chang | First 5 Authors: Riccardo Gualtieri, Peter S. Barry, Thomas Cecil, Amy N. Bender, Clarence . L. Chang | Summary: Planar ortho-mode transducers (OMTs) are a commonly used method of coupling optical signals between waveguides and on-chip circuitry and detectors. While the ideal OMT-waveguide coupling requires minimal disturbance to the […]


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Evidence from Disrupted Halo Dwarfs that $r$-process Enrichment via Neutron Star Mergers is Delayed by $gtrsim500$ Myrs

Kavli Affiliate: Alexander P. Ji | First 5 Authors: Rohan P. Naidu, Alexander P. Ji, Charlie Conroy, Ana Bonaca, Yuan-Sen Ting | Summary: The astrophysical origins of $r$-process elements remain elusive. Neutron star mergers (NSMs) and special classes of core-collapse supernovae (rCCSNe) are leading candidates. Due to these channels’ distinct characteristic timescales (rCCSNe: prompt, NSMs: […]


Continue.. Evidence from Disrupted Halo Dwarfs that $r$-process Enrichment via Neutron Star Mergers is Delayed by $gtrsim500$ Myrs

Amplification of Primordial Perturbations from the Rise or Fall of the Inflaton

Kavli Affiliate: Wayne Hu | First 5 Authors: Keisuke Inomata, Evan McDonough, Wayne Hu, , | Summary: The next generation of cosmic microwave background, gravitational wave, and large scale structure, experiments will provide an unprecedented opportunity to probe the primordial power spectrum on small scales. An exciting possibility for what lurks on small scales is […]


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Measuring the Density Fields around Bright Quasars at $zsim 6$ with XQR-30 Spectra

Kavli Affiliate: Nickolay Y. Gnedin | First 5 Authors: Huanqing Chen, Anna-Christina Eilers, Sarah E. I. Bosman, Nickolay Y. Gnedin, Xiaohui Fan | Summary: Measuring the density of the intergalactic medium using quasar sightlines in the epoch of reionization is challenging due to the saturation of Lyman-$alpha$ absorption. Near a luminous quasar, however, the enhanced […]


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Structure of Stellar Remnants with Coupling to a Light Scalar

Kavli Affiliate: Albert Stebbins | First 5 Authors: Christina Gao, Albert Stebbins, , , | Summary: In this paper we study how a Yukawa coupling of the Standard Model fermions to a light scalar field effects the stellar structure of cold stellar remnants such as neutron stars. We elucidate the stellar structure phenomenology using a […]


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