Metallicity Distribution Function of the Eridanus~II Ultra-Faint Dwarf Galaxy from Hubble Space Telescope Narrow-band Imaging

Kavli Affiliate: Alexander P. Ji | First 5 Authors: Sal Wanying Fu, Daniel R. Weisz, Else Starkenburg, Nicolas Martin, Alexander P. Ji | Summary: We use deep narrowband Ca H&K ($F395N$) imaging taken with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) to construct the metallicity distribution function (MDF) of Local Group (LG) ultra-faint dwarf (UFD) galaxy Eridanus […]


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Optical leakage mitigation in ortho-mode transducer detectors for microwave applications

Kavli Affiliate: Clarence L. Chang | First 5 Authors: Riccardo Gualtieri, Peter S. Barry, Thomas Cecil, Amy N. Bender, Clarence . L. Chang | Summary: Planar ortho-mode transducers (OMTs) are a commonly used method of coupling optical signals between waveguides and on-chip circuitry and detectors. While the ideal OMT-waveguide coupling requires minimal disturbance to the […]


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Evidence from Disrupted Halo Dwarfs that $r$-process Enrichment via Neutron Star Mergers is Delayed by $gtrsim500$ Myrs

Kavli Affiliate: Alexander P. Ji | First 5 Authors: Rohan P. Naidu, Alexander P. Ji, Charlie Conroy, Ana Bonaca, Yuan-Sen Ting | Summary: The astrophysical origins of $r$-process elements remain elusive. Neutron star mergers (NSMs) and special classes of core-collapse supernovae (rCCSNe) are leading candidates. Due to these channels’ distinct characteristic timescales (rCCSNe: prompt, NSMs: […]


Continue.. Evidence from Disrupted Halo Dwarfs that $r$-process Enrichment via Neutron Star Mergers is Delayed by $gtrsim500$ Myrs

Amplification of Primordial Perturbations from the Rise or Fall of the Inflaton

Kavli Affiliate: Wayne Hu | First 5 Authors: Keisuke Inomata, Evan McDonough, Wayne Hu, , | Summary: The next generation of cosmic microwave background, gravitational wave, and large scale structure, experiments will provide an unprecedented opportunity to probe the primordial power spectrum on small scales. An exciting possibility for what lurks on small scales is […]


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Measuring the Density Fields around Bright Quasars at $zsim 6$ with XQR-30 Spectra

Kavli Affiliate: Nickolay Y. Gnedin | First 5 Authors: Huanqing Chen, Anna-Christina Eilers, Sarah E. I. Bosman, Nickolay Y. Gnedin, Xiaohui Fan | Summary: Measuring the density of the intergalactic medium using quasar sightlines in the epoch of reionization is challenging due to the saturation of Lyman-$alpha$ absorption. Near a luminous quasar, however, the enhanced […]


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Structure of Stellar Remnants with Coupling to a Light Scalar

Kavli Affiliate: Albert Stebbins | First 5 Authors: Christina Gao, Albert Stebbins, , , | Summary: In this paper we study how a Yukawa coupling of the Standard Model fermions to a light scalar field effects the stellar structure of cold stellar remnants such as neutron stars. We elucidate the stellar structure phenomenology using a […]


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$S^5$: The Orbital and Chemical Properties of One Dozen Stellar Streams

Kavli Affiliate: Alexander P. Ji | First 5 Authors: Ting S. Li, Alexander P. Ji, Andrew B. Pace, Denis Erkal, Sergey E. Koposov | Summary: We report the kinematic, orbital, and chemical properties of 12 stellar streams with no evident progenitors, using line-of-sight velocities and metallicities from the Southern Stellar Stream Spectroscopic Survey ($S^5$), proper […]


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A Preliminary Calibration of the JAGB Method Using Gaia EDR3

Kavli Affiliate: Wendy L. Freedman | First 5 Authors: Abigail J. Lee, Wendy L. Freedman, Barry F. Madore, Kayla A. Owens, In Sung Jang | Summary: The recently-developed J-region Asymptotic Giant Branch (JAGB) method has extraordinary potential as an extragalactic standard candle, capable of calibrating the absolute magnitudes of locally-accessible Type Ia supernovae, thereby leading […]


Continue.. A Preliminary Calibration of the JAGB Method Using Gaia EDR3