Small Instanton Effects on Composite Axion Mass

Kavli Affiliate: Satoshi Shirai | First 5 Authors: Takafumi Aoki, Masahiro Ibe, Satoshi Shirai, Keiichi Watanabe, | Summary: This paper investigates the impact of small instanton effects on the axion mass in the composite accidental axion (CAA) models. These models are designed to address the axion quality problem, where QCD gauge symmetry is embedded as […]


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Cosmological constraints from weak lensing scattering transform using HSC Y1 data

Kavli Affiliate: Jia Liu | First 5 Authors: Sihao Cheng, Gabriela A. Marques, Daniela Grandón, Leander Thiele, Masato Shirasaki | Summary: As weak lensing surveys go deeper, there is an increasing need for reliable characterization of non-Gaussian structures at small angular scales. Here we present the first cosmological constraints with weak lensing scattering transform, a […]


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Cosmic Himalayas: The Highest Quasar Density Peak Identified in a 10,000 deg$^2$ Sky with Spatial Discrepancies between Galaxies, Quasars, and IGM HI

Kavli Affiliate: John D. Silverman | First 5 Authors: Yongming Liang, Masami Ouchi, Dongsheng Sun, Nobunari Kashikawa, Zheng Cai | Summary: We report the identification of a quasar overdensity in the BOSSJ0210 field, dubbed Cosmic Himalayas, consisting of 11 quasars at $z=2.16-2.20$, the densest overdensity of quasars ($17sigma$) in the $sim$10,000 deg$^2$ of the Sloan […]


Continue.. Cosmic Himalayas: The Highest Quasar Density Peak Identified in a 10,000 deg$^2$ Sky with Spatial Discrepancies between Galaxies, Quasars, and IGM HI

A Rotational/Roto-translational Constraint Method for Condensed Matter

Kavli Affiliate: Jia Liu | First 5 Authors: Jitai Yang, Ke Li, Jia Liu, Jia Nie, Hui Li | Summary: In condensed matter physics, particularly in perovskite materials, the rotational motion of molecules and ions is associated with important issues such as ion conduction mechanism. Constrained Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations offer a means to separate […]


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On the X-ray efficiency of the white dwarf pulsar candidate ZTF J190132.9+145808.7

Kavli Affiliate: Tadayuki Takahashi | First 5 Authors: Aya Bamba, Kazumi Kashiyama, Shota Kisaka, Yukikatsu Terada, Tadayuki Takahashi | Summary: Strongly magnetized, rapidly rotating massive white dwarfs (WDs) emerge as potential outcomes of double degenerate mergers. These WDs can act as sources of non-thermal emission and cosmic rays, gethering attention as WD pulsars. In this […]


Continue.. On the X-ray efficiency of the white dwarf pulsar candidate ZTF J190132.9+145808.7

On the X-ray efficiency of the white dwarf pulsar candidate ZTF J190132.9+145808.7

Kavli Affiliate: Tadayuki Takahashi | First 5 Authors: Aya Bamba, Yukikatsu Terada, Kazumi Kashiyama, Shota Kisaka, Takahiro Minami | Summary: Strongly magnetized, rapidly rotating massive white dwarfs (WDs) emerge as potential outcomes of double degenerate mergers. These WDs can act as sources of non-thermal emission and cosmic rays, gethering attention as WD pulsars. In this […]


Continue.. On the X-ray efficiency of the white dwarf pulsar candidate ZTF J190132.9+145808.7

Streamlined jet tagging network assisted by jet prong structure

Kavli Affiliate: Mihoko M. Nojiri | First 5 Authors: A. Hammad, Mihoko M. Nojiri, , , | Summary: Attention-based transformer models have become increasingly prevalent in collider analysis, offering enhanced performance for tasks such as jet tagging. However, they are computationally intensive and require substantial data for training. In this paper, we introduce a new […]


Continue.. Streamlined jet tagging network assisted by jet prong structure

Streamlined jet tagging network assisted by jet prong structure

Kavli Affiliate: Mihoko M. Nojiri | First 5 Authors: A. Hammad, Mihoko M. Nojiri, , , | Summary: Attention-based transformer models have become increasingly prevalent in collider analysis, offering enhanced performance for tasks such as jet tagging. However, they are computationally intensive and require substantial data for training. In this paper, we introduce a new […]


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Exact CMB B-mode power spectrum from anisotropic cosmic birefringence

Kavli Affiliate: Toshiya Namikawa | First 5 Authors: Toshiya Namikawa, , , , | Summary: We calculate the cosmic microwave background (CMB) $B$-mode power spectrum resulting from anisotropic cosmic birefringence, without relying on the thin approximation of the last scattering surface. Specifically, we consider the influence of anisotropic cosmic birefringence arising from massless axion-like particles. […]


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Determination of the CKM angle $φ_{3}$ from a combination of Belle and Belle II results

Kavli Affiliate: T. Higuchi | First 5 Authors: Belle, Belle II Collaborations, :, I. Adachi, L. Aggarwal | Summary: We report a determination of the CKM angle $phi_{3}$, also known as $gamma$, from a combination of measurements using samples of up to 711~fb$^{-1}$ from the Belle experiment and up to 362~fb$^{-1}$ from the Belle II […]


Continue.. Determination of the CKM angle $φ_{3}$ from a combination of Belle and Belle II results