Classifying Supernovae Using Only Galaxy Data

Kavli Affiliate: Kaisey Mandel | First 5 Authors: Ryan J. Foley, Kaisey Mandel, , , | Summary: We present a new method for probabilistically classifying supernovae (SNe) without using SN spectral or photometric data. Unlike all previous studies to classify SNe without spectra, this technique does not use any SN photometry. Instead, the method relies […]


Continue.. Classifying Supernovae Using Only Galaxy Data

Host Galaxy Spectra and Consequences for SN Typing From The SDSS SN Survey

Kavli Affiliate: Joshua A. Frieman | First 5 Authors: Matthew D. Olmstead, Peter J. Brown, Masao Sako, Bruce Bassett, J. Brinkmann | Summary: We present the spectroscopy from 5254 galaxies that hosted supernovae (SNe) or other transient events in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey II (SDSS-II). Obtained during SDSS-I, SDSS-II, and the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic […]


Continue.. Host Galaxy Spectra and Consequences for SN Typing From The SDSS SN Survey

Linear Sigma Models With Strongly Coupled Phases — One Parameter Models

Kavli Affiliate: Kentaro Hori | First 5 Authors: Kentaro Hori, Johanna Knapp, , , | Summary: We systematically construct a class of two-dimensional $(2,2)$ supersymmetric gauged linear sigma models with phases in which a continuous subgroup of the gauge group is totally unbroken. We study some of their properties by employing a recently developed technique. […]


Continue.. Linear Sigma Models With Strongly Coupled Phases — One Parameter Models

Elliptic genera of 2d N=2 gauge theories

Kavli Affiliate: Kentaro Hori | First 5 Authors: Francesco Benini, Richard Eager, Kentaro Hori, Yuji Tachikawa, | Summary: We compute the elliptic genera of general two-dimensional N=(2,2) and N=(0,2) gauge theories. We find that the elliptic genus is given by the sum of Jeffrey-Kirwan residues of a meromorphic form, representing the one-loop determinant of fields, […]


Continue.. Elliptic genera of 2d N=2 gauge theories

Operations on t-structures and perverse coherent sheaves

Kavli Affiliate: Alexey Bondal | First 5 Authors: Alexey Bondal, , , , | Summary: The notions of consistent pairs and consistent chains of t-structures are introduced. A theorem that two consistent chains of t-structures generate a distributive lattice is proven. The technique developed is then applied to the pairs of chains obtained from the […]


Continue.. Operations on t-structures and perverse coherent sheaves

Operations on t-structures and perverse coherent sheaves

Kavli Affiliate: Alexey Bondal | First 5 Authors: Alexey Bondal, , , , | Summary: The notions of consistent pairs and consistent chains of t-structures are introduced. A theorem that two consistent chains of t-structures generate a distributive lattice is proven. The technique developed is then applied to the pairs of chains obtained from the […]


Continue.. Operations on t-structures and perverse coherent sheaves

Exact Results In Two-Dimensional (2,2) Supersymmetric Gauge Theories With Boundary

Kavli Affiliate: Kentaro Hori | First 5 Authors: Kentaro Hori, Mauricio Romo, , , | Summary: We compute the partition function on the hemisphere of a class of two-dimensional (2,2) supersymmetric field theories including gauged linear sigma models. The result provides a general exact formula for the central charge of the D-brane placed at the […]


Continue.. Exact Results In Two-Dimensional (2,2) Supersymmetric Gauge Theories With Boundary

Probing the Cosmic X-ray and MeV Gamma-ray Background Radiation through the Anisotropy

Kavli Affiliate: Grzegorz M. Madejski | First 5 Authors: Yoshiyuki Inoue, Kohta Murase, Grzegorz M. Madejski, Yasunobu Uchiyama, | Summary: While the cosmic soft X-ray background is very likely to originate from individual Seyfert galaxies, the origin of the cosmic hard X-ray and MeV gamma-ray background is not fully understood. It is expected that Seyferts […]


Continue.. Probing the Cosmic X-ray and MeV Gamma-ray Background Radiation through the Anisotropy

Designing the statistically optimal drug for cancer therapy

Kavli Affiliate: Robert Rosner | First 5 Authors: Patrick N. Lawlor, Tomer Kalisky, Stephen Quake, Robert Rosner, Marsha Rich Rosner | Summary: Cancer and healthy cells have distinct distributions of molecular properties and thus respond differently to drugs. Cancer drugs ideally kill cancer cells while limiting harm to healthy cells. However, the inherent variance among […]


Continue.. Designing the statistically optimal drug for cancer therapy

The Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment: Exploring Fundamental Symmetries of the Universe

Kavli Affiliate: Mark Vagins | First 5 Authors: LBNE Collaboration, Corey Adams, David Adams, Tarek Akiri, Tyler Alion | Summary: The preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early Universe, the dynamics of the supernova bursts that produced the heavy elements necessary for life and whether protons eventually decay — these mysteries at the forefront […]


Continue.. The Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment: Exploring Fundamental Symmetries of the Universe