An Edge-On Orbit for the Eccentric Long-Period Planet HR 5183 b

Kavli Affiliate: Andrew Vanderburg

| First 5 Authors: Alexander Venner, Logan A. Pearce, Andrew Vanderburg, ,

| Summary:

The long-period giant planet HR 5183 b has one of the most extreme orbits
among exoplanets known to date. In this work we use Hipparcos-Gaia astrometry
to measure the orbital inclination of this planet for the first time. We
measure $i=89.9^{+13.3circ}_{-13.5}$, fully consistent with an edge-on orbit.
The previously reported long orbital period and high eccentricity of HR 5183 b
are supported by our results, with $P=102^{+84}_{-34}$ years and $e=0.87 pm
0.04$. We confirm that HIP 67291 forms a physically bound binary with HR 5183
at a projected separation of 15400 AU, and derive new constraints on the orbit
of this pair. We combine our inclination measurements in an attempt to measure
the mutual inclination between the planetary and binary orbits; while there is
some evidence for misalignment, we conclude that this is not statistically
significant. Further observations, especially the release of the full Gaia
astrometric data, will allow for improved constraints on the planet-binary
mutual inclination in this system. $52 pm 16%$ of known planets with
eccentricities $egeq 0.8$ are found in multiple star systems, a rate that we
find to be greater than for the overall planet population to moderate
significance ($p=0.0075$). This supports the hypothesis that dynamical
interactions with wide stellar companions plays an important role in the
formation of highly eccentric exoplanets.

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