Revised event rates for extreme and extremely large mass-ratio inspirals

Kavli Affiliate: Xian Chen

| First 5 Authors: Verónica Vázquez-Aceves, Lorenz Zwick, Elisa Bortolas, Pedro R. Capelo, Pau Amaro-Seoane

| Summary:

One of the main targets of the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) is
the detection of extreme mass-ratio inspirals (EMRIs) and extremely large
mass-ratio inspirals (X-MRIs). Their orbits are expected to be highly eccentric
and relativistic when entering the LISA band. Under these circumstances, the
inspiral time-scale given by Peters’ formula loses precision and the shift of
the last-stable orbit (LSO) caused by the massive black hole spin could
influence the event rates estimate. We re-derive EMRIs and X-MRIs event rates
by implementing two different versions of a Kerr loss-cone angle that includes
the shift in the LSO, and a corrected version of Peters’ time-scale that
accounts for eccentricity evolution, 1.5 post-Newtonian hereditary fluxes, and
spin-orbit coupling. The main findings of our study are summarized as follows:
(1) implementing a Kerr loss-cone changes the event rates by a factor ranging
between 0.9 and 1.1; (2) the high-eccentricity limit of Peters’ formula offers
a reliable inspiral time-scale for EMRIs and X-MRIs, resulting in an event rate
estimate that deviates by a factor of about 0.9 to 3 when compared to event
rates computed with the corrected version of Peters’ time-scale and the usual
loss-cone definition. (3) Event rates estimates for systems with a wide range
of eccentricities should be revised. Peters’ formula overestimates the inspiral
rates of highly eccentric systems by a factor of about 8 to 30 compared to the
corrected values. Besides, for e$_0 lesssim$0.8, implementing the corrected
version of Peters’ formula would be necessary to obtain accurate estimates.

| Search Query: ArXiv Query: search_query=au:”Xian Chen”&id_list=&start=0&max_results=10

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