Getting Ready for LISA: The Data, Support and Preparation Needed to Maximize US Participation in Space-Based Gravitational Wave Science

Kavli Affiliate: David Shoemaker

| First 5 Authors: Kelly Holley-Bockelmann, :, Jillian Bellovary, Peter Bender, Emanuele Berti

| Summary:

The NASA LISA Study Team was tasked to study how NASA might support US
scientists to participate and maximize the science return from the Laser
Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) mission. LISA is gravitational wave
observatory led by ESA with NASA as a junior partner, and is scheduled to
launch in 2034. Among our findings: LISA science productivity is greatly
enhanced by a full-featured US science center and an open access data model. As
other major missions have demonstrated, a science center acts as both a locus
and an amplifier of research innovation, data analysis, user support, user
training and user interaction. In its most basic function, a US Science Center
could facilitate entry into LISA science by hosting a Data Processing Center
and a portal for the US community to access LISA data products. However, an
enhanced LISA Science Center could: support one of the parallel independent
processing pipelines required for data product validation; stimulate the high
level of research on data analysis that LISA demands; support users unfamiliar
with a novel observatory; facilitate astrophysics and fundamental research;
provide an interface into the subtleties of the instrument to validate
extraordinary discoveries; train new users; and expand the research community
through guest investigator, postdoc and student programs. Establishing a US
LISA Science Center well before launch can have a beneficial impact on the
participation of the broader astronomical community by providing training,
hosting topical workshops, disseminating mock catalogs, software pipelines, and
documentation. Past experience indicates that successful science centers are
established several years before launch; this early adoption model may be
especially relevant for a pioneering mission like LISA.

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