The formation and cosmic evolution of dust in the early Universe. I. Dust sources

Kavli Affiliate: Roberto Maiolino | First 5 Authors: Raffaella Schneider, Roberto Maiolino, , , | Summary: Dust-obscured star formation has dominated the cosmic history of star formation since z = 4. However, the recent finding of significant amount of dust in galaxies out to z = 8 has opened the new frontier of investigating the […]


Continue.. The formation and cosmic evolution of dust in the early Universe. I. Dust sources

The formation and cosmic evolution of dust in the early Universe. I. Dust sources

Kavli Affiliate: Roberto Maiolino | First 5 Authors: Raffaella Schneider, Roberto Maiolino, , , | Summary: Dust-obscured star formation has dominated the cosmic history of star formation since z = 4. However, the recent finding of significant amount of dust in galaxies out to z = 8 has opened the new frontier of investigating the […]


Continue.. The formation and cosmic evolution of dust in the early Universe. I. Dust sources

Open Hardware Solutions in Quantum Technology

Kavli Affiliate: Irfan Siddiqi | First 5 Authors: Nathan Shammah, Anurag Saha Roy, Carmen G. Almudever, S├ębastien Bourdeauducq, Anastasiia Butko | Summary: Quantum technologies such as communications, computing, and sensing offer vast opportunities for advanced research and development. While an open-source ethos currently exists within some quantum technologies, especially in quantum computer programming, we argue […]


Continue.. Open Hardware Solutions in Quantum Technology

Open Hardware in Quantum Technology

Kavli Affiliate: Irfan Siddiqi | First 5 Authors: Nathan Shammah, Anurag Saha Roy, Carmen G. Almudever, S├ębastien Bourdeauducq, Anastasiia Butko | Summary: Quantum technologies such as communications, computing, and sensing offer vast opportunities for advanced research and development. While an open-source ethos currently exists within some quantum technologies, especially in quantum computer programming, we argue […]


Continue.. Open Hardware in Quantum Technology

Prospects for detecting neutron star-white dwarf mergers with decihertz gravitational-wave observatories

Kavli Affiliate: Lijing Shao | First 5 Authors: Yacheng Kang, Chang Liu, Jin-Ping Zhu, Yong Gao, Lijing Shao | Summary: Based on different neutron star-white dwarf (NS-WD) population models, we investigate the prospects of gravitational-wave (GW) detections for NS-WD mergers, with the help of early warnings from two space-borne decihertz GW observatories, DO-Optimal and DECIGO. […]


Continue.. Prospects for detecting neutron star-white dwarf mergers with decihertz gravitational-wave observatories

Prospects for detecting neutron star-white dwarf mergers with decihertz gravitational-wave observatories

Kavli Affiliate: Lijing Shao | First 5 Authors: Yacheng Kang, Chang Liu, Jin-Ping Zhu, Yong Gao, Lijing Shao | Summary: Based on different neutron star-white dwarf (NS-WD) population models, we investigate the prospects of gravitational-wave (GW) detections for NS-WD mergers, with the help of early warnings from two space-borne decihertz GW observatories, DO-Optimal and DECIGO. […]


Continue.. Prospects for detecting neutron star-white dwarf mergers with decihertz gravitational-wave observatories

nnSAM: Plug-and-play Segment Anything Model Improves nnUNet Performance

Kavli Affiliate: Jing Wang | First 5 Authors: Yunxiang Li, Bowen Jing, Zihan Li, Jing Wang, You Zhang | Summary: Automatic segmentation of medical images is crucial in modern clinical workflows. The Segment Anything Model (SAM) has emerged as a versatile tool for image segmentation without specific domain training, but it requires human prompts and […]


Continue.. nnSAM: Plug-and-play Segment Anything Model Improves nnUNet Performance

nnSAM: Plug-and-play Segment Anything Model Improves nnUNet Performance

Kavli Affiliate: Jing Wang | First 5 Authors: Yunxiang Li, Bowen Jing, Xiang Feng, Zihan Li, Yongbo He | Summary: The recent developments of foundation models in computer vision, especially the Segment Anything Model (SAM), allow scalable and domain-agnostic image segmentation to serve as a general-purpose segmentation tool. In parallel, the field of medical image […]


Continue.. nnSAM: Plug-and-play Segment Anything Model Improves nnUNet Performance

Synthetic Speech Detection Based on Temporal Consistency and Distribution of Speaker Features

Kavli Affiliate: Zhuo Li | First 5 Authors: Yuxiang Zhang, Zhuo Li, Jingze Lu, Wenchao Wang, Pengyuan Zhang | Summary: Current synthetic speech detection (SSD) methods perform well on certain datasets but still face issues of robustness and interpretability. A possible reason is that these methods do not analyze the deficiencies of synthetic speech. In […]


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CrossZoom: Simultaneously Motion Deblurring and Event Super-Resolving

Kavli Affiliate: Xiang Zhang | First 5 Authors: Chi Zhang, Xiang Zhang, Mingyuan Lin, Cheng Li, Chu He | Summary: Even though the collaboration between traditional and neuromorphic event cameras brings prosperity to frame-event based vision applications, the performance is still confined by the resolution gap crossing two modalities in both spatial and temporal domains. […]


Continue.. CrossZoom: Simultaneously Motion Deblurring and Event Super-Resolving