Repeating Fast Radio Burst: Coherent Circular Polarization By Bunches

Kavli Affiliate: Kejia Lee

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| Summary:

Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are millisecond-duration signals that are highly
dispersed at distant galaxies. However, the physical origin of FRBs is still
unknown. Coherent curvature emission by bunches, e.g., powered by starquakes,
has already been proposed for repeating FRBs. It has the nature of
understanding narrowband radiation exhibiting time–frequency drifting.
Recently, a highly active FRB source, i.e., FRB 20201124A, was reported to
enter a newly active episode and emit at least some highly circular-polarized
bursts. In this study, we revisit the polarized FRB emission, particularly
investigating the production mechanisms of a highly circular polarization (CP)
by deriving the intrinsic mechanism and propagative effect. The intrinsic
mechanisms of invoking charged bunches are approached with radiative coherence.
Consequently, a highly CP could naturally be explained by the coherent
summation of outcome waves, generated or scattered by bunches, with different
phases and electric vectors. Different kinds of evolutionary trajectories are
found on the Poincare sphere for the bunch-coherent polarization, and this
behavior could be tested through future observations. Cyclotron resonance can
result in the absorption of R-mode photons at a low altitude region of the
magnetosphere, and an FRB should then be emitted from a high-altitude region if
the waves have strong linear polarization. Circularly polarized components
could be produced from Faraday conversion exhibiting a lambda^3-oscillation,
but the average CP fraction depends only on the income wave, indicating a
possibility of a highly circular-polarized income wave.The analysis could be
welcome if extremely high CP from repeating FRBs is detected in the future.
Finally, the production of a bulk of energetic bunches in the pulsar-like
magnetosphere is discussed, which is relevant to the nature of the FRB central
engine.

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