Approaching the motional ground state of a 10 kg object

Kavli Affiliate: Nergis Mavalvala

| First 5 Authors: Chris Whittle, Evan D. Hall, Sheila Dwyer, Nergis Mavalvala, Vivishek Sudhir

| Summary:

The motion of a mechanical object — even a human-sized object — should be
governed by the rules of quantum mechanics. Coaxing them into a quantum state
is, however, difficult: the thermal environment masks any quantum signature of
the object’s motion. Indeed, the thermal environment also masks effects of
proposed modifications of quantum mechanics at large mass scales. We prepare
the center-of-mass motion of a 10 kg mechanical oscillator in a state with an
average phonon occupation of 10.8. The reduction in temperature, from room
temperature to 77 nK, is commensurate with an 11 orders-of-magnitude
suppression of quantum back-action by feedback — and a 13 orders-of-magnitude
increase in the mass of an object prepared close to its motional ground state.
This begets the possibility of probing gravity on massive quantum systems.

| Search Query: ArXiv Query: search_query=au:”Nergis Mavalvala”&id_list=&start=0&max_results=10

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