The optical design of the six-meter CCAT-prime and Simons Observatory telescopes

Kavli Affiliate: Richard Hills

| First 5 Authors: Stephen C. Parshley, Michael D. Niemack, Richard Hills, Simon R. Dicker, Rolando D√ľnner

| Summary:

A common optical design for a coma-corrected, 6-meter aperture,
crossed-Dragone telescope has been adopted for the CCAT-prime telescope of CCAT
Observatory, Inc., and for the Large Aperture Telescope of the Simons
Observatory. Both are to be built in the high altitude Atacama Desert in Chile
for submillimeter and millimeter wavelength observations, respectively. The
design delivers a high throughput, relatively flat focal plane, with a field of
view 7.8 degrees in diameter for 3 mm wavelengths, and the ability to
illuminate >100k diffraction-limited beams for < 1 mm wavelengths. The optics
consist of offset reflecting primary and secondary surfaces arranged in such a
way as to satisfy the Mizuguchi-Dragone criterion, suppressing first-order
astigmatism and maintaining high polarization purity. The surface shapes are
perturbed from their standard conic forms in order to correct coma aberrations.
We discuss the optical design, performance, and tolerancing sensitivity. More
information about CCAT-prime can be found at ccatobservatory.org and about
Simons Observatory at simonsobservatory.org.

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