Mitigation of artifacts due to isolated acoustic heterogeneities in photoacoustic computed tomography using a variable data truncation-based reconstruction method

Kavli Affiliate: Lihong V. Wang

| First 5 Authors: Joemini Poudel, Thomas P. Matthews, Lei Li, Mark A. Anastasio, Lihong V. Wang

| Summary:

Photoacoustic computed tomography (PACT) is an emerging computed imaging
modality that exploits optical contrast and ultrasonic detection principles to
form images of the absorbed optical energy density within tissue. If the object
possesses spatially variant acoustic properties that are unaccounted for by the
reconstruction method, the estimated image can contain distortions. While
reconstruction methods have recently been developed to compensate for this
effect, they generally require the object’s acoustic properties to be known a
priori. To circumvent the need for detailed information regarding an object’s
acoustic properties, we previously proposed a half-time reconstruction method
for PACT. A half-time reconstruction method estimates the PACT image from a
data set that has been temporally truncated to exclude the data components that
have been strongly aberrated. However, this method can be improved upon when
the approximate sizes and locations of isolated heterogeneous structures, such
as bones or gas pockets, are known. To address this, we investigate PACT
reconstruction methods that are based on a variable data truncation (VDT)
approach. The VDT approach represents a generalization of the half-time
approach, in which the degree of temporal truncation for each measurement is
determined by the distance between the corresponding ultrasonic transducer
location and the nearest known bone or gas void location. Computer-simulated
and experimental data are employed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the
approach in mitigating artifacts due to acoustic heterogeneities.

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